How is the UEFA Euros Host Country and Location Selected?

The UEFA European Championship, commonly known as the UEFA Euros, is one of the most prestigious football tournaments in the world. It is a quadrennial event that brings together the top national teams from across Europe to compete for the title of European champions. The tournament is not only a platform for showcasing top-class football but also an opportunity to showcase the cultural heritage of the host country. In this article, we will discuss how the UEFA Euros is selected on location and host country.

Selection Process:

The selection process for the UEFA Euros host country is a lengthy and detailed procedure that takes almost six years. The UEFA Executive Committee, which is the governing body of UEFA, is responsible for overseeing the selection process. The process begins with the launch of the bidding phase, which is open to all UEFA member associations.

During this phase, interested countries are required to submit a bid dossier, which outlines their plans for hosting the tournament. The dossier must include details about the proposed stadiums, accommodation, transport links, and security arrangements. The bid must also demonstrate the ability of the host country to manage the logistical challenges associated with hosting a major tournament. The UEFA administration then evaluates the bid dossiers and prepares a report for the Executive Committee.

The Executive Committee reviews the report and selects a shortlist of countries that will proceed to the next phase. The shortlisted countries are then required to submit a detailed bid book, which provides more detailed information about their proposals. The UEFA administration then conducts site visits to each of the shortlisted countries to assess the suitability of the proposed stadiums and infrastructure.

After the site visits, the UEFA administration prepares a report for the Executive Committee, which then votes to determine the host country. The host country is announced at least six years before the start of the tournament, to allow sufficient time for preparations.

Criteria for Selection:

The UEFA Executive Committee considers various factors when selecting the host country for the UEFA Euros. The main criteria include:

  1. Stadiums and Infrastructure: The host country must have suitable stadiums and infrastructure to host the tournament. The stadiums must meet UEFA’s minimum requirements for capacity, safety, and accessibility.
  2. Accommodation and Transport: The host country must have sufficient accommodation and transport infrastructure to cater to the needs of players, officials, and fans.
  3. Financial Capability: The host country must demonstrate the financial capability to host the tournament. The host country must be able to fund the tournament without compromising other important social and economic programs.
  4. Security and Safety: The host country must have effective security and safety measures in place to ensure the safety of players, officials, and fans.
  5. Legacy: The host country must demonstrate a commitment to leaving a positive legacy for football in their country. This may include developing grassroots football programs, investing in infrastructure, or hosting other major football events in the future.


In conclusion, the selection process for the UEFA Euros host country is a thorough and detailed procedure that takes almost six years. The process considers various criteria, including stadiums and infrastructure, accommodation and transport, financial capability, security and safety, and legacy. The host country is selected based on its ability to meet these criteria and provide a safe and enjoyable experience for players, officials, and fans. Hosting the UEFA Euros is a significant honor and provides the host country with an opportunity to showcase its cultural heritage to the world.